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Hypercortisolism, such as in Cushing's syndrome , also leads to central obesity. No progress as US, Cuba meet on mysterious 'health attacks' Cuba said Thursday the United States is continuing to withhold important information that could help in the investigation into mysterious incidents BMI and waist measurements are well recognized ways to characterize obesity. A systematic review and meta-analysis". Retrieved September 2, Some studies indicate that visceral adiposity, together with lipid dysregulation and decreased insulin sensitivity , [39] is related to the excessive consumption of fructose. Abdominal fat is especially active hormonally, secreting a group of hormones called adipokines that may possibly impair glucose tolerance.

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Thiazolidinediones may cause slight weight gain but decrease "pathologic" abdominal fat visceral fat , and therefore may be prescribed for diabetics with central obesity. Low-fat diets may not be an effective long-term intervention for obesity: The conclusion was that mean weight decreased significantly in the intervention group from baseline to year 1 by 2. This difference from baseline between control and intervention groups diminished over time, but a significant difference in weight was maintained through year 9, the end of the study.

There is a common misconception that spot exercise that is, exercising a specific muscle or location of the body most effectively burns fat at the desired location, but this is not the case. Spot exercise is beneficial for building specific muscles, but it has little effect, if any, on fat in that area of the body, or on the body's distribution of body fat. The same logic applies to sit-ups and belly fat. Sit-ups , crunches and other abdominal exercises are useful in building the abdominal muscles , but they have little effect, if any, on the adipose tissue located there.

Several colloquial terms used to refer to central obesity, and to people who have it, refer to beer drinking. However, there is little scientific evidence that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity, despite its being known colloquially as "beer belly", "beer gut", or "beer pot". One of the few studies conducted on the subject did not find that beer drinkers are more prone to central obesity than nondrinkers or drinkers of wine or spirits.

These symptoms can suggest the appearance of central obesity. Deposits of excess fat at the sides of one's waistline are commonly referred to as "love handles".

Researchers in Copenhagen examined the relationship between waist circumferences and costs among 31, subjects aged 50—64 years of age with different waist circumferences.

Their study showed that an increase in just an additional centimetre above normal waistline caused a 1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Central obesity Synonyms beer belly, beer gut, pot belly, spare tyre, bread box A centrally obese male. The body mass index is Specialty Endocrinology Abdominal obesity , also known as central obesity , occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health.

Current Opinion in Lipidology. Retrieved on April 9, Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. The Metabolic Multi-risk Factor". Definition of metabolic syndrome: European Journal of Epidemiology.

Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique. Probe of the molecular paradigm associating diabetes and obesity". World Journal of Diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Recent results and their potential implications". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. International Journal of Obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Overview and Human Evidence". Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. Abnormal obesity and your health. European Journal of Nutrition. National Institutes of Health. Cohort Study in a Large, Multiethnic Population".

American Journal of Epidemiology. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 3rd Edition: Current Medical Research and Opinion. International Journal of Hypertension. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders. Journal of Association of Physicians of India. Journal of Medical Biochemistry. Increasing trends in waist circumference and abdominal obesity among US adults.

Am J Clin Nutr. A case of comparing apples and pears? Journal of Sex Research. Why are women so superior? The Ancel Keys Lecture". Archived from the original on February 9, The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 25 January Abbott Laboratories in Germany. Archived from the original on 14 October Food and Drug Administration of Thailand. Archived from the original PDF on May 11, Evaluating the Evidence for a Paradigm Shift".

What you need to know". Archived from the original on 23 March Sit-ups will make your abdominal muscles stronger, sure. And, you may look thinner by building your abdominal muscles because you can hold in your belly fat better. But strengthening your stomach muscles alone will not specifically reduce belly fat. Eur J Clin Nutr. Malnutrition or nutrition disorders E40—E68 , — Riboflavin deficiency B 3: Pellagra Niacin deficiency B 6: Pyridoxine deficiency B 7: Biotin deficiency B 9: Folate deficiency B Vitamin B 12 deficiency.

Vitamin E deficiency K: Childhood obesity Obesity hypoventilation syndrome Abdominal obesity. Retrieved from " https: Obesity Medical signs Medical conditions related to obesity Abdomen Tissues biology.

Webarchive template wayback links Articles with German-language external links Infobox medical condition new All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from February Articles lacking reliable references from November All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May All accuracy disputes Articles with disputed statements from May It is spread by fecal-oral contamination, a result of poor bathroom hygiene or food contamination.

The virus is shed in the stool of infected persons. Hepatitis A is a self-limiting disorder; you may need only rest and plenty of fluids to get over it. Infection with the hepatitis B or C viruses may cause chronic illness and damage to the liver that occurs over time. The Illinois Department of Public Health reports that hepatitis C is spread by blood, putting health care workers, IV drug users and those who received blood transfusions prior to at highest risk.

Hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccines. A healthy liver aids the digestion of fats and proteins, regulates sex hormones, breaks down toxins in the bloodstream and removes excess red blood cells. Chronic alcohol abuse taxes the liver, causing accumulation of fatty deposits, which become inflamed, leading to alcoholic hepatitis.

The American Liver Foundation states that 35 percent of heavy drinkers develop this condition. If drinking continues, healthy liver tissue is gradually replaced by non-functioning scar tissue, a process known as cirrhosis.

Abdominal swelling and tenderness, loss of appetite and nausea may characterize alcoholic liver disease.

Obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes are risk factors for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. The disorder generally follows the same course as alcoholic liver disease, however patients may be non-drinkers. The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse advises that many people with NASH do not have symptoms of fatigue and upset stomach until liver damage is advanced. Losing weight, eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise can help you manage NASH.

Regular medical care is also needed to control the effects of this disease. The entire family of cholesterol-lowering medications known as statins can damage your liver. Regular blood tests can detect changes and avoid the development of an associated muscle wasting condition known as rhabdomyolysis.

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