7. Wicked Good Cupcakes
Other motivations for vegetarianism are health-related, political, environmental , cultural, aesthetic , economic , or personal preference. Share on Google Plus Share. Semi-vegetarian diets consist largely of vegetarian foods but may include fish or poultry, or sometimes other meats, on an infrequent basis. WTF, where do these guys get their stamina from? Over the course of ten months on Nutrisystem, she lost a total of 65 pounds and is feeling better than ever:.
The recommended dietary allowance of B 12 in the United States is, per day, 0. Plant-based, or vegetarian, sources of Omega 3 fatty acids include soy , walnuts , pumpkin seeds, canola oil , kiwifruit , hempseed , algae , chia seed , flaxseed , echium seed and leafy vegetables such as lettuce, spinach , cabbage and purslane.
Purslane contains more Omega 3 than any other known leafy green. Olives and olive oil are another important plant source of unsaturated fatty acids. Plant foods can provide alpha-linolenic acid which the human body uses to synthesize the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. While the health effects of low levels of EPA and DHA are unknown, it is unlikely that supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid will significantly increase levels.
Calcium intake in vegetarians and vegans can be similar to non-vegetarians, as long as the diet is properly planned. Non-dairy milks that are fortified with calcium, such as soymilk and almond milk can also contribute a significant amount of calcium in the diet. Vitamin D needs can be met via the human body's own generation upon sufficient and sensible exposure to ultraviolet UV light in sunlight.
Vitamin D 2 , or ergocalciferol is found in fungus except alfalfa which is a plantae and created from viosterol , which in turn is created when ultraviolet light activates ergosterol which is found in fungi and named as a sterol from ergot.
Any UV -irradiated fungus including yeast form vitamin D 2. Claims have been made that a normal serving approx. There have been many comparative and statistical studies of the relationship between diet and longevity, including vegetarianism and longevity.
A metastudy combined data from five studies from western countries. Regular meat eaters had the base mortality rate of 1. The study reported the numbers of deaths in each category, and expected error ranges for each ratio, and adjustments made to the data. However, the "lower mortality was due largely to the relatively low prevalence of smoking in these [vegetarian] cohorts".
Out of the major causes of death studied, only one difference in mortality rate was attributed to the difference in diet, as the conclusion states: In Mortality in British vegetarians ,  a similar conclusion is drawn:.
British vegetarians have low mortality compared with the general population. Their death rates are similar to those of comparable non-vegetarians, suggesting that much of this benefit may be attributed to non-dietary lifestyle factors such as a low prevalence of smoking and a generally high socio-economic status, or to aspects of the diet other than the avoidance of meat and fish.
The Adventist Health Studies is ongoing research that documents the life expectancy in Seventh-day Adventists. This is the only study among others with similar methodology which had favourable indication for vegetarianism. The researchers found that a combination of different lifestyle choices could influence life expectancy by as much as 10 years.
The researchers concluded that "the life expectancies of California Adventist men and women are higher than those of any other well-described natural population" at The life expectancy of California Adventists surviving to age 30 was The Adventist health study is again incorporated into a metastudy titled "Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans? Statistical studies, such as comparing life expectancy with regional areas and local diets in Europe also have found life expectancy considerably greater in southern France, where a low meat, high plant Mediterranean diet is common, than northern France, where a diet with high meat content is more common.
A study by the Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, and Institute of Physiological Chemistry looked at a group of 19 vegetarians lacto-ovo and used as a comparison a group of 19 omnivorous subjects recruited from the same region. The study found that this group of vegetarians lacto-ovo have a significantly higher amount of plasma carboxymethyllysine and advanced glycation endproducts AGEs compared to this group of non-vegetarians.
According to studies by the Permanente Journal and the National Institute for Health NIH , vegetarian diets are affordable and can help reduce health risks like high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and cholesterol levels. A plant based diet has the potential to lower the risk of heart disease as well as reducing the amount of medications prescribed in instances of chronic illness.
A change to a plant based diet, or vegetarianism, has had dramatic positive effects on the health of patients with chronic illnesses, significantly more than exercise alone . Vegetarian diets have been studied to see whether they are of benefit in treating arthritis , but no good supporting evidence has been found.
Certain alternative medicines , such as Ayurveda and Siddha , prescribe a vegetarian diet as a normal procedure. Maya Tiwari notes that Ayurveda recommends small portions of meat for some people, though "the rules of hunting and killing the animal, practiced by the native peoples, were very specific and detailed". Now that such methods of hunting and killing are not observed, she does not recommend the use of "any animal meat as food, not even for the Vata types".
The human digestive system is omnivorous , capable of consuming a wide variety of plant and animal material. The American Dietetic Association has presented evidence that vegetarian diets may be more common among adolescents with eating disorders.
At the same time the association cautions however, that the adoption of a vegetarian diet may not necessarily lead to eating disorders, rather that "vegetarian diets may be selected to camouflage an existing eating disorder". Vegetarianism is associated with increased risk of depression, anxiety, and somatoform disorder, although causality cannot be established. Various ethical reasons have been suggested for choosing vegetarianism, usually predicated on the interests of non-human animals.
In many societies, controversy and debate have arisen over the ethics of eating animals. Some people, while not vegetarians, refuse to eat the flesh of certain animals due to cultural taboo , such as cats, dogs, horses or rabbits. Others support meat eating for scientific, nutritional and cultural reasons, including religious ones. Some meat eaters abstain from the meat of animals reared in particular ways, such as factory farms , or avoid certain meats, such as veal or foie gras.
Some people follow vegetarian or vegan diets not because of moral concerns involving the raising or consumption of animals in general, but because of concerns about the specific treatment and practises involved in the raising and slaughter of animals, i.
Others still avoid meat because meat production is claimed to place a greater burden on the environment than production of an equivalent amount of plant protein. Ethical objections based on consideration for animals are generally divided into opposition to the act of killing in general, and opposition to certain agricultural practices surrounding the production of meat.
Princeton University professor and animal rights activist Peter Singer believes that if alternative means of survival exist, one ought to choose the option that does not cause unnecessary harm to animals. Most ethical vegetarians argue that the same reasons exist against killing animals in the flesh to eat as against killing humans to eat, especially humans with cognitive abilities equal or lesser than the animals in question.
Singer, in his book Animal Liberation , listed possible qualities of sentience in non-human creatures that gave such creatures the scope to be considered under utilitarian ethics , and this has been widely referenced by animal rights campaigners and vegetarians. Ethical vegetarians also believe that killing an animal, like killing a human, especially one who has equal or lesser cognitive abilities than the animals in question, can only be justified in extreme circumstances and that consuming a living creature for its enjoyable taste, convenience, or nutrition value is not a sufficient cause.
Another common view is that humans are morally conscious of their behaviour in a way other animals are not, and therefore subject to higher standards. McMahan stated that cognitively disabled human do not possess the same rights as non-disabled humans. While mentally disabled people were in the past often treated with extreme brutality, with the progression of morality most people understand that the rights of the cognitively disabled still include a right to life and kind treatment.
Increasingly, as moral philosophy progresses further, people understand that, outside of survival situations, denying the right to life to animals with equal or greater cognitive abilities than mentally disabled humans is an arbitrary, discriminatory practice based on habit and desire as opposed to logic.
Opponents of ethical vegetarianism argue that animals are not moral equals to humans and so consider the comparison of eating livestock with killing people to be fallacious.
This view does not excuse cruelty, but maintains that animals do not possess the rights a human has. One of the main differences between a vegan and a typical vegetarian diet is the avoidance of both eggs and dairy products such as milk, cheese, butter and yogurt.
Ethical vegans do not consume dairy or eggs because they state that their production causes the animal suffering or a premature death. To produce milk from dairy cattle , calves are separated from their mothers soon after birth and slaughtered or fed milk replacer in order to retain the cows milk for human consumption.
A dairy cow's natural life expectancy is about twenty years. In battery cage and free-range egg production, unwanted male chicks are culled or discarded at birth during the process of securing a further generation of egg-laying hens.
Ethical vegetarianism has become popular in developed countries particularly because of the spread of factory farming , faster communications, and environmental consciousness. Some believe that the current mass demand for meat cannot be satisfied without a mass-production system that disregards the welfare of animals, while others believe that practices like well-managed free-ranging and consumption of game, particularly from species whose natural predators have been significantly eliminated, could substantially alleviate the demand for mass-produced meat.
Ancient Greek philosophy has a long tradition of vegetarianism. Pythagoras was reportedly vegetarian and studied at Mt. Carmel, where some historians say there was a vegetarian community , as his followers were expected to be.
Roman writer Ovid concluded his magnum opus Metamorphoses , in part, with the impassioned argument uttered by the character of Pythagoras that in order for humanity to change, or metamorphose , into a better, more harmonious species, it must strive towards more humane tendencies. He cited vegetarianism as the crucial decision in this metamorphosis, explaining his belief that human life and animal life are so entwined that to kill an animal is virtually the same as killing a fellow human.
Everything changes; nothing dies; the soul roams to and fro, now here, now there, and takes what frame it will, passing from beast to man, from our own form to beast and never dies Therefore lest appetite and greed destroy the bonds of love and duty, heed my message!
Never by slaughter dispossess souls that are kin and nourish blood with blood! Jainism teaches vegetarianism as moral conduct as do some major  sects of Hinduism. Buddhism in general does not prohibit meat eating, while Mahayana Buddhism encourages vegetarianism as beneficial for developing compassion. Sikhism    does not equate spirituality with diet and does not specify a vegetarian or meat diet.
Theravadins in general eat meat. In the Theravada canon, Buddha did not make any comment discouraging them from eating meat except specific types, such as human, elephant meat , horse, dog, snake, lion, tiger, leopard, bear, and hyena flesh  but he specifically refused to institute vegetarianism in his monastic code when a suggestion had been made.
In several Sanskrit texts of Mahayana Buddhism , Buddha instructs his followers to avoid meat. Christians have always been free to make their own decisions about what to eat; however, there are groups within Christianity that practice specific dietary restrictions for various reasons. Surviving fragments from their Gospel indicate their belief that — as Christ is the Passover sacrifice and eating the Passover lamb is no longer required — a vegetarian diet may or should be observed. Medifast is a meal-replacement diet centered around nutritionally-fortified shakes and snack bars, and there are a number of similar products on the market that make use of these types of food products for weight reduction.
A weight loss plan that provides controlled ready foods as well as food suggestions. It says it is supported by four decades of happy, slimmer customers. Ameal-replacing shake said to support muscle growth and help with weight loss. It contains 23 vitamins and minerals, and 24 grams of protein. A popular Medifast alternative. Slimfast offers weight loss shakes and snack bars that are also fortified with vitamins and minerals to support your nutritional needs while following a reduced-calorie diet.
The shakes and bars are available in the health and diet-food sections of most supermarkets. Slimgenix Pro is a dietary supplement whose ingredients include raspberry ketone and green coffee bean extract.
It meant to amp up metabolism, lower cholesterol levels, reduce appetite, boost energy and help with digestion. Their trained staff are available for one-on-one consultations and can help you track your weight, waistline and body part measurements along with changes in your body composition. They can help you identify unhealthy eating habits that contribute to weight gain and give you strategies to overcome those challenges.
You can search the official website for specific locations in your state or call Medifast toll-free at The Medifast nutrition plan helps you lose weight effectively by controlling your macronutrient combinations and lowering calories while keeping hunger and food cravings in check through frequent meal-replacement shakes and snack bars along with real food.
Total calories are around , per day, creating a caloric deficit that pushes your bodyweight down. But, carbs are reduced enough so that your body will shift toward burning body fat for energy within the first few days on a diet. The meals are also very low in fat and moderately high in protein. LiveStrong has a breakdown of the different ingredients that are used in Medifast meals :.
Sugars in Medifast include corn syrup and fructose. Inulin and gum arabic are ingredients that add dietary fiber. Each serving provides about 20 percent of the daily value for most vitamins and minerals, so if you eat the five Medifast meals that the Five and One Plan recommends, you will probably meet your needs.
Medifast diet meals are tasty, according to some dieters. The shakes and dessert bars are popular favorites, and the packaged snacks taste good too. They even have microwavable entrees that you can use in place of your lean and green, homemade meals. Certain condiments are limited for caloric purposes, but most herbs and seasonings are allowed to improve flavor and satiety without adding calories. Consult your physician to see if a low-calorie diet presents any specific health concerns for you.
Medifast cost was difficult to track down since the company does not prominently post prices on its website. A loyalty program is on offer that allows customers to earn rewards and shipping discounts with each order.
According to the Kushi Institute, a number of studies have shown Medifast to be a capable and safe dieting program:. When on the diet, adult men could shed, on average, 67 pounds; women can lose up to an average of A clinical study from that was published in Internal Medicine looked at 45 weight-loss programs, including Medifast. Using low-calorie diet programs like Medifast led to significantly larger weight loss compared to counseling. The study also stated that Medifast had a better retention rate of customers than most other programs.
Another clinical study in the Nutrition Journal looked at the charts of more than Medifast clients. It found that those who stuck with the plan shed, on average, 24 pounds in 3 months, and an average of 35 in 6 months.
Each participant, regardless of their age and gender, lost higher percentages of fat than muscle. Medifast offers its customers an opportunity to lose weight and earn money at the same time through their MLM Multi-Level Marketing opportunity. The company has enjoyed much success throughout the years and had a market capitalization of over million. Medifast products have sold through their website, distribution channels, weight loss clinics and directly from medical doctors to patients.
With the great sales success of their products, the company began selling their products through MLM, sometimes called network marketing, and the company has significantly prospered. By selling their products through MLM marketing, customers of Medifast products not only can enjoy a healthier lifestyle, but they are also able to earn a steady income. When those new members recruit others, the individual will also earn money off of those recruits.
The compensation plan will reward a health coach for being a user of their products. They will also be rewarded for recruiting and retaining other clients. He says these are tasty. I had to eat this snack at home cause the chocolate was melted all inside the wrapper.
I may put these in my freezer. It could not stand up to Texas heat. The bar was smaller than i expected. The flavor was ok. I do not plan to buy this item again. The bottom line is that Medifast has been shown to be effective for weight loss. Several studies cited above showed that people who stuck to their Medifast plan lost more weight than people who followed food-based plans.
However, the key to any diet plan is to not only lose the weight but to keep it off. That part is completely up to you. What will happen when you reach your weight loss goal and stop dieting? You must figure out how to build healthy eating habits into your life to maintain your weight loss after completing Medifast or any other weight loss program.
We also believe supplements can play an important part in getting and keeping your metabolism moving. Research shows a connection between the ingredients and increased energy levels, metabolism and a curbed appetite. Choosing the right weight-loss system can be confusing and often times frustrating. Let us know a little more about you and your goals. Medifast side effects reported by customers include upset stomach, nausea, headache and irregular bowel movement.
Medifast ingredients vary, based on the meal plan selected. You can choose from breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks. Choosing the right product is the 1 question asked by DietSpotlight readers. This diet plan has helped many customers to achieve a loss of 13 pounds and 7 inches in their first 30 days. You will get seven days of breakfasts, lunches, and dinners selected for you.
The shakes are full of probiotics and protein. Start living a more healthy lifestyle and balanced diet. Look at the delicious food you can eat on this diet! You can enjoy meals like stuffed shells, pizza, breakfast buns, and even chocolate ice cream! Eat the foods you love and lose weight quickly. It may not even feel like you are dieting.
The kit consists of a specially designed daily tracker. FedEx shipping is free. It will include easy to follow directions, and you will learn about what sets Nutrisystem apart from other diet food programs. If you are uncertain what you put in your first order, you can let Nutrisystem pick the foods for you. If you want to make your selections, this is very simple to do with their online! Just about all foods have a star feature. This way you can see what other members have enjoyed.
See actual reviews from real people who have tried the food. When I was on this diet, I found this feature extremely helpful! This weight loss plan has the best variety and one of the biggest selections of menu options.
Choose from over foods. To help you out I will list a few of my personal favorites. Okay for breakfast I loved the double chocolate muffin.