I recommend either high-vitamin cod liver oil or fermented cod liver oil from Green Pasture and Wolf River Naturals. In the years that followed the herbicide testing, vegetation growth gradually returned to normal, indicating that there was no persistent herbicide effect. The density of rotifes should be controlled before stocking the fish. Why have disability pensions been awarded in the US and Canada for illnesses associated with Agent Orange? This is the same isomer that is in many human tissues and in the blood. Westerly winds are most frequent in the mid-latitudes while easterlies dominate the tropics.
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A nitrate test is recommended for all wells. If the nitrate level in your water is higher than the EPA standards, you should look for other sources of water or ways to treat your water. VOCs are industrial and fuel-related chemicals that may cause bad health effects at certain levels. Which VOCs to test for depends on where you live. Contact your local health or environmental department, or the EPA to find out if any VOCs are a problem in your region.
Some VOCs to ask about testing for are benzene, carbon tetrachloride, toluene, trichloroethelene, and methyl tertiary butyl ether MTBE. Other germs or harmful chemicals that you should test for will depend on where your well is located on your property, which state you live in, and whether you live in an urban or rural area. These tests could include testing for lead, arsenic, mercury, radium, atrazine, and other pesticides.
You should check with your local health or environmental department, or the EPA to find out if any of these contaminants are a problem in your region. Please remember that if your test results say that there are germs or chemicals in your water, you should contact your local health or environmental department for guidance in interpreting the test.
At a minimum, check your well every spring to make sure there are no mechanical problems; test it once each year for total coliform bacteria, nitrates, total dissolved solids, and pH levels. If you suspect other contaminants, you should test for those as well. However, spend time identifying potential problems as these tests can be expensive.
The best way to start is to consult a local expert, such as the local health department, about local contaminants of concern. You should also have your well tested if:. State and local health or environmental departments often test for nitrates, total coliforms, fecal coliform, volatile organic compounds, and pH see above.
Health or environmental departments, or county governments should have a list of the state-certified licensed laboratories in your area that test for a variety of substances. Ultrasound is the best test to examine the gallbladder for stones. These tests are the alternatives to ultrasound and OCG.
They are better choices if gallstones have left the gallbladder and moved into the ducts. A chest X-ray may be performed to make sure there are no other reasons for the abdominal pain.
As most gallstones are asymptomatic, many times gallstones are diagnosed when the patient undergoes a test for another reason. After a diagnosis of gallstones, the patient may choose not to have surgery or may not be able to have surgery right away.
There are measures the patient can take to relieve the symptoms to include:. Call a health care practitioner if symptoms worsen or if new symptoms appear. Abdominal pain with vomiting, fever, or jaundice warrants an immediate visit to a doctor's office or a hospital emergency department. There is no permanent medical cure for gallstones. Although there are medical measures that can be taken to remove stones or relive symptoms, they are only temporary.
If a patient has symptoms from gallstones, surgical removal of the gallbladder is the best treatment. Asymptomatic producing no symptoms gallstones do not require treatment.
Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy ESWL: A device that generates shock waves is used to break gallstones up into tiny pieces. If an individual goes to an emergency department, an IV line may be started, and pain medication and antibiotics may be given through the IV.
If the patient's health permits it, the health care practitioner will probably recommend surgery to remove the gallbladder and the stones. Surgical removal helps prevent future episodes of abdominal pain and more dangerous complications such as inflammation of the pancreas and infection of the gallbladder and liver.
The usual treatment for symptomatic or complicated gallstones is surgical removal of the gallbladder. This is called cholecystectomy. Many people who have gallbladder disease are understandably concerned about having their gallbladder removed. They wonder how they can function without a gallbladder. Most gallbladders are removed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. When super-cold or chilled branding irons are applied to the hide of the animal, the pigment-producing cells are destroyed or altered Physical description; Three-piece horse and cattle brand series; Crossbranding; Positions for branding horses and cattle; etc Guide to Evaluation of Slaughter Cattle " Standards for Grades of Feeder Cattle Sections include " Bovine Myology Lessons include " Where the Development of Meat Starts; Myogenesis: Clinical Examination of the Fresh Cows " The purpose of this presentation is to train the person s working with fresh cows to accurately detect, effectively treat and record 8 important conditions that occur commonly in this group of cows.
Dairy Cow Reference Guides include " Dairy Cattle Nutrition, Mineral Supplements, etc. For more information see Dairy ; Penn State Extension: Examples of "Castration of Calves" Subject Categories include " Click on Clinical Info. Dairy Herd Vaccination Program includes: Dairy Cattle Vaccination Guidelines include " Killed inactivated vaccines KV vs Modified-live vaccines MLV ; Comparison of advantages and disadvantages of modified-live and killed inactivated vaccines; Recommended vaccination schedule for dairy heifers from birth to 6 months of age; Recommended vaccination schedule for heifers pre-breeding to calving; Recommended vaccination schedule for adult dairy cattle; Recommended vaccination schedule for dairy herd bulls; etc Examples of "Injection Methods" Subject Categories include " Browse Down to "Body Condition Scoring".
Body Condition Scores " Condition scores can be used on both heifers and cows, although primarily they are used on the lactating dairy herd.
Essentially, body condition scoring provides an objective indication of the amount of fat cover on a dairy cow Dairy Cattle Tattooing Procedures include " Clean Ear With Alcohol; Step 2. Types of Ink; Step 3. Applying the Ink; Step 4.
In the dairy industry, where the primary revenue source is milk production and sale, calf delivery and newborn calf management are undervalued as areas of concern. The problem of dystocia has been almost ignored Examples of "Dairy Cattle" Subject Categories include " Galactopoeisis is the maintenance of lactation once lactation has been established. Two key interrelated components contribute to the maintenance of lactation, galactopoietic hormones and removal of accumulated milk.
Because of the importance of galactopoietic hormones in milk production, sometimes the word galactopoiesis also is used to indicate enhancement of lactation, especially in dairy animals Milk Composition and Characteristics; Milk Components For more information see Walter L. Milking Systems; Robotic Milking Systems; etc. Forage Harvesting Systems, etc Multimedia Milk Quality Program: Examples of "Milk Quality" Subject Categories include " It focuses on the biological, chemical, physical, and microbiological aspects of milk itself, and on the technological processing aspects of the transformation of milk into its various consumer products Milk Lipids; Milk Proteins; etc Density; Viscosity; Freezing Point; etc How Old is My Deer includes: Examples of Deer Farmers Handbook Chapters include " Kime, extension associate in agricultural economics; Jayson K.
Morton, Illustrated by S. Parasitology of Reindeer Parasites; Internal Parasites; etc. List of Figures Skeleton of the reindeer; Structure of the lungs; Ruminant stomach of the reindeer; Female urogenital system in reindeer; Male urogenital system in reindeer; etc For "Reindeer Reproduction" see " Length of estrous cycle for various livestock species raised in Alaska; Table 2. Type of estrous cycle and time of year of the breeding season if the species is seasonal breeder; Table 3.
Length of gestation for livestock species raised in Alaska; Table 4. Time of ovulation and suggested time of mating for several species Kime, senior extension associate; Robert S. Examples of "Elk Production" Guide Sections include " Ground Level Elk Handling Facilities " The following drawings and designs describe an approach to handling elk. Construction suggestions and operational tips of the system are included For "Muskox" Reproduction see " Yak in Bhutan; etc.
Shell Egg Grades and Standards U. The Poultry Page is " An on-line zoological garden of domestic poultry, including photos, video and information about various breeds of fowl, such as chickens, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, peafowl, pigeons, and turkeys Shell Egg Grades and Standards include " Grades of Shell Eggs; U. Trade Descriptions for Poultry U.
Trade Descriptions for Poultry " The purpose of this standard is to facilitate trade at the wholesale level by better communicating product and packaging specifications for raw poultry products among buyers, producers, and traders. The trade descriptions pro- vide concise word and picture descriptions of product composition and define a coding system to precisely specify product and packaging characteristics Click on "Heart Rates".
Poultry Medicine Clinical Cases; etc Each "Poultry Diseases" includes " Includes over "" Poultry Disease Technical Reports. Each "Poultry Disease" Technical Report includes " Poultry Vaccination Schedules include Vaccination Schedules for " Examples of "Poultry Vaccination" Sections include " Handling vaccines on the farm; etc New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, Examples of "Poultry Science" Subject Categories include " Total incubation time to hatch, time for transfer to hatcher, and dry and wet bulb temperatures for common birds.
Growing Your Range Poultry Business: Raising Birds on Pasture; etc Examples of "Ornithology" Course Chapters include " The goals include and increased understanding of the process of gathering scientific data and the opportuinty to interacti with scientists from several disciplines The day Chick Lifecycle Ratites: Lacking the large keel on the breast bone where flight muscles attach, these birds are unable to fly Scheideler University of Nebraska and J.
The design of successful feeding programs for ratites ostriches and emus is a special challenge to nutritionists and production managers. There is little scientifically based information on nutrient requirements and efficiency of nutrient utilization by ratites. Nevertheless, successful feeding programs have been developed by using Comparative intestinal lengths of ostriches, emus, and chickens; Body weights of ostriches and emus at selected ages; Nutrition guidelines for ostriches; Nutritional guidelines for emus; Concentrations of selected nutrients in ingredients used in feeds of ostriches and emus Ostrich reach an adult height of over 7 feet by 16 to 18 months of age.
They continue to increase in weight after this time with adult males reaching over pounds. Ostrich may become sexually mature at 2 years of age although males often mature later than females. It is not uncommon for hens to begin laying at 2 to 3 years of age while males may take as long as 4 to 5 years to be functionally mature Examples of "Biology of the Goat" Lessons include " Internal Parasites; External Parasites; etc Body Condition Scoring of Goats Video " Scoring is performed in goats using a BCS ranging from 1.
A BCS of 1. With practice, evaluating the BCS of an animal will only take about seconds Reference Guides include " Meat Production and Marketing; etc Creep feeding; Out-of-season Breeding; Flushing; etc Emergency first aid; Monitoring your herd; Taking vital signs; Vaccinating goats; Kid care; Parasites; etc Breaking down a carcass; Cheesemaking simplified; Feta Cheese; etc You can access the modules either for Certification or for Browsing.
Composting is an inexpensive, environmentally friendly method of disposing of animal mortality At maturity 3 years , it is able to pull a cart or carry a pack as it did in its native Sicily and Sardinia Horse Transverse Section Guide " The study of transverse sections is a traditional component of most veterinary anatomy courses.
To interpret transverse sections, veterinary students must switch from the three dimensions of their cadaver to the two-dimensional plane of the section Dental Anatomy of Horses " The molars and premolars of the horse are known as cheek teeth. The cheek teeth slowly erupt to compensate for the constant grinding which wears away mm per year.
For this reason, horses have very long teeth that are refered to as hypsodont which means "high tooth. Aging Horses by Their Teeth " For very young horses, eruption dates are useful, but in general, the place to start is examination of the occlusal surface of the lower incisors. The weight of your horse is the basic guide to calculating balanced rations, the single most necessary factor for sound health and good peformance Semen Collection from Stallions " Semen is collected from stallions as part of breeding soundness exams, as well as for artificial insemination.
Semen collected for insemination can be used fresh, cooled and shipped to another location, or stored frozen for use in the future The physical examination of the horse may be either generalized or focused Assisted Reproduction Techniques; Vaginoscopic Exam; etc Pregnancy Examination of the Mare Subject Catgories include " High Speed Equine Treadmill " The system developed by Dr.
Henneke assigns a numerical value to fat deposition as it occurs in various places on the horse's body. The system works by assessing fat both visually and by palpation examination by touch , in each of six areas Broodmare ; Breeding Stallion ; Performance Horse Form to Function " When evaluating the conformation of a horse, you should consider the following areas: Horse Conformation Analysis " Horse Reference Guides include " Examples of "Equine Disease" Sections include " Equine Lameness Diagnosis " This program is designed to help a student think through the steps necessary to diagnose lameness in the equine