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The number of incidents that had occurred in the two years since the war started pointed to the possibility of German saboteurs. Minimum nights per rental: The third realm of separation to which Baptists adhere is Political. This learned Court is not now to be informed the word or particle, Or, hath various significations—It means otherwise and either —It likewise means before —For example, in the language of the Poet. It was used together with concepts of the United States as an ideal republic and a " city upon a hill " or new promised land. Make yourself and me the jest of the whole world.

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Black Tom explosion

One theory held that the spark came from smudge pots that had been carelessly set by night watchmen in an attempt to repel the bloodsucking pests.

It was never possible to confirm this notion. Within a day, owners of the piers and the railroad storage cars were under arrest for manslaughter, but the charges did not stick. World War I was over for several years before there were any answers, and they came as part of a lawsuit brought against Germany by the companies that had experienced mysterious explosions after The charge was sabotage, engineered by a cadre of secret agents who had come to America shortly after war broke out in Europe, as the "diplomatic staff" of German Ambassador Johann Heinrich von Bernstorff.

One German agent, Capt. Franz von Rintelen, who called himself "The Dark Invader," promoted widespread use of the "pencil bomb. It was easy to hide and could be designed to blow up in hours or even days after it was planted. Pencil bombs were used to sink dozens of ships carrying munitions to the Allies. They were part of the arsenal, which also included sticks of dynamite, that German spies carried with them as they rowed a dinghy to Black Tom around midnight on July 30, Less than an hour later, a fire was burning on the piers.

Firefighters worked in a "rain of bullets" to contain the flames and bring people in the danger zone, such as the immigrants on Ellis Island, to safety. It would be before American lawyers would gather the evidence needed to prove that German saboteurs were truly responsible.

They had confessions from key players, including von Rintelen, who boasted that he conceived the plan. For a few decades, Black Tom got a mention anytime anything blew up, a kind of yardstick for loud, fire-related disasters. Then it faded from the public eye and was forgotten.

Today, it is mostly discussed when someone wants to know why it's impossible to climb higher in a New York landmark. Black Tom is now part of Liberty State Park. A small memorial features a circle of American flags and a plaque that describes the disaster and declares, "You are walking on a site which saw one of the worst acts of terrorism in American history.

This view shows the wreckage of buildings on the pier at Black Tom Island after the explosion of a munition plant set off by German saboteurs in July That point will be the crown — not, as some might think, the fabled torch.

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